In this example you can see how multiphonics are written in the score. The notes that should be played together at the same time are notated over each other.
|Most of the time the fingering you should use is written over the notes or in the index of a piece.|
These accidentals can be used in scores. I will skip the technical part for now and just note what the accidental means approximately:
Dynamics are very important. It gives you an idea of the amount of air and airpressure you should use. Not every multiphonic can be played (easily) in every dynamic.
Studying multiphonics on the flute is useful for:
– Embouchure control
– Air control and support control
– Improving aural skills
This technique can be used on all flutes. Some fingerings are different from the flute.
|General:||Becomes more difficult:|
|This technique is quite easy to realize as a seperate technique, especially when the interval is large. Depending on the stability and fingering of the multiphonic.||
- Dynamics are very important. Not every multiphonic can be played in every dynamic.
- The fingerings that are to be used by playing multiphonics are not very common for most flutists. Therefore please notate the fingering above the note in the score.
- This technique can be combined with other techniques.
|Composer:||Title:||Album:||Publisher:||Other techniques used:|
|Berio, Luciano||1925-2003||Sequenza I||1||Flute solo||Universal Edition
|Whistletones, Harmonics, Keyclick, Flatterzunge|
|Denissow, Edison||1929-1996||Solo für Flöte||3||Flute solo||Deutscher Verlag für Musik (DvfM 8044)||Harmonics, Keyclick, Flatterzunge, Glissando/tonebending, Quartertones|
|Dick, Robert||*1950||Dorset Street||A very
easy 20th century album
|2||Flute solo||Novello (Nov 12-682)|
|Dick, Robert||*1950||Flying lessons 1||3||Flute solo||Multiple Breath Music Company||Harmonics, Sing & play, Keyclick, Glissando/tonebending, Quartertones, Residutonen|
|Dick, Robert||*1950||Lookout||3||Flute solo||Multiple Breath Music Company||Harmonics, Sing & play, Keyclick, Quartertones|
|Dick, Robert||*1950||Sunshower||A very
easy 20th century album
|2||Flute solo||Novello (NOV 12-682)|
|Gergely, Ittzés||*1969||‘Mr. Dick is thinking in terms of a blues-pattern’||3||Flute solo||www.ittzesgergely.hu||Harmonics, Sing & play, Slap tongue, Trumpet embouchure|
|Holliger, Heinz||*1939||Sonate (in)solit(air)e||3||Flute solo||Schott (FTR 175)||Whistletones, Harmonics, Sing & play, Glissando/tonebending, Slap tongue, Quartertones, Trumpet embouchure|
|Offermans, Wil||*1957||Drigo’s Dream||3||Flute, piano||Zimmermann
|Bamboetones, Harmonics, Windtones, Sing & play, Keyclick, Glissando/tonebending|
|Offermans, Wil||*1957||Honami||3||Flute solo||Zimmermann
|Whistletones, Bamboetones, Windtones, Sing & play, Flatterzunge|
|Offermans, Wil||*1957||Just a short version||3||2 flutes, piccolo, altoflute||Zimmerman
|Bamboetones, Harmonics, Windtones, Flatterzunge, Glissando/tonebending|
|Offermans, Wil||*1957||Tsuru-no-Sugomori||3||Flute solo||Zimmermann
|Harmonics, Flatterzunge, Glissando/tonebending|
|Takemitsu, Toru||*1930||Voice||3||Flute solo||Salabert Editions||Windtones, Sing & play, Keyclick, Quartertones|
|Wagendristel, Alexander||*1965||Three Dances||Flute Update||3||Flute solo||Walter Wretschitsch & Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien||Harmonics, Windtones, Jetwistle, Keyclick, Flatterzunge, Slap tongue|
|Dick, Robert||Tone Development Through Extended Techniques||Multiple Breath Music Company||Whistletones, Bamboetones, Harmonics, Sing & play|
|Levine, Carin / Mitropoulos-Bott, Christina||The techniques of flute playing||Bärenreiter||Whistletones, Harmonics, Windtones, Sing & play, Jetwistle, Keyclick, Flatterzunge, Glissando/tonebending, Slap tongue, Quartertone, Trumpet embouchure|
|Pellerite, James J.||A modern guide to fingerings for the flute||Zalo Publications||Harmonics, Quartertones|
Here you can listen to a short example of multiphonics. I’m playing Zoom Tube – by Ian Clark. You also will hear flatterzunge.